The United States conducts the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward. The United States first detonated a hydrogen bomb in in the Marshall Islands, also in the Pacific. However, that bomb—and the others used in tests that followed—were large and unwieldy affairs that were exploded from the ground. The practical application of dropping the weapon over an enemy had been a mere theoretical possibility until the successful test in May
Paradise lost - 'for the good of mankind'
The atomic history of Bikini atoll | Travel | The Guardian
The Marshall Islands consist of two chains of 29 coral atolls, and are located north of the equator, between Hawaii and Australia. On each atoll there are a number of islands. The Marshallese have lived there for thousands of years. In , Japan captured the Marshall Islands and built military bases. In February , U.
Timothy J. Jorgensen does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence.
The people of Bikini Atoll were moved from their homeland in to make way for the testing of 23 nuclear weapons by the United States government, beginning with the world's fourth atomic detonation. The subsequent half-century exodus of the Bikini people included a 2-y stay on Rongerik Atoll, where near starvation resulted, and a 6-mo sojourn on Kwajalein Atoll, where they lived in tents beside a runway used by the U. In , they were finally relocated to Kili, a small, isolated, acre island owned by the U. Trust Territory government. Numerous hardships have been faced there, not the least of which was the loss of skills required for self-sustenance.