If cicadas made horror movies, they'd probably study the actions of their counterparts plagued by a certain psychedelic fungus. West Virginia University researchers have discovered that a cicada fungus called Massopora contains chemicals similar to those found in hallucinogenic mushrooms. The fungus causes cicadas to lose their limbs and eccentric behavior sets in: Males try to mate with everything they encounter, although the fungus has consumed their genitals and butts. Despite the horrid physical state of infected cicadas, they continue to roam around freely as if nothing's wrong, dousing other cicadas with a dose of their disease. Cicadas first encounter the fungus underground where they spend 13 to 17 years before emerging to the surface as adults, Kasson said. Within seven to 10 days above ground, the abdomen begins to slough off revealing the fungal infection at the end of the cicada, he continued.
Making Sense of the Salt Shaker
Well executed salt shaker prank : videos
There are sporadic cases of fatalities from acutely eating salt. We performed a systematic review of fatalities from ingesting salt to assess if relatively moderate doses of salt could be fatal. In 27 reports, there were 35 fatalities documented 19 in adults and 16 in children. The frequency of fatal ingestion of salt is not able to be discerned from our review. If investigation of the causes of hypernatremia in hospital records indicates salt overdose is relatively common, consideration could be given to placing warning labels on salt containers and shakers.
Kicking the salt shaker habit may not be enough
B ills, work, and drama can really take a toll on human existence. But compared to what cicadas are up against, our lives are pretty chill. When these flying insects emerge from the soil en masse, a parasitic predator rises with them. The mysterious fungus Massospora cicadina lies dormant among the cicada nymphs, waiting up to 17 years until the insects mature and take flight.
Vee P. Prasher , Matthew P. This fully revised and expanded second edition brings together findings from research and clinical practice, with comprehensive coverage of the important aspects of physical health in persons with intellectual disability. Professionals involved in the medical and social care and support of persons with intellectual disability should have a broad understanding of the essential range of issues, and therefore this book provides a truly multi-disciplinary perspective, complete with many tables, figures, and illustrations to underline the key points. The reader is updated on ongoing developments in the general population, which will become increasingly more relevant to adults with intellectual disability.